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中辦 國辦印發《關于進一步加強東西部扶貧協作工作的指導意見》

新華社北京12月7日(ri)電 近日(ri),中(zhong)共中(zhong)央辦(ban)公廳、國務院辦(ban)公廳印(yin)發(fa)《關于進一(yi)步加強(qiang)東西部(bu)扶貧協作(zuo)工作(zuo)的(de)指導(dao)意見》,并發(fa)出通知,要(yao)求各(ge)地區各(ge)部(bu)門(men)結(jie)合實(shi)際認(ren)真貫徹落(luo)實(shi)。

《關于進一(yi)步加強東西部扶貧協作(zuo)工作(zuo)的(de)指導意見》全文如下。

東西(xi)部(bu)扶貧(pin)協(xie)(xie)作(zuo)和對口(kou)支援,是(shi)推動區域協(xie)(xie)調發展(zhan)(zhan)、協(xie)(xie)同發展(zhan)(zhan)、共同發展(zhan)(zhan)的大戰(zhan)(zhan)略,是(shi)加強區域合作(zuo)、優化產業布局、拓(tuo)展(zhan)(zhan)對內對外開放新(xin)空間的大布局,是(shi)打(da)贏脫貧(pin)攻堅戰(zhan)(zhan)、實現先富幫后富、最終實現共同富裕目標(biao)的大舉措(cuo)。為全面(mian)貫徹落實《中共中央、國務院關于打(da)贏脫貧(pin)攻堅戰(zhan)(zhan)的決定》和中央扶貧(pin)開發工作(zuo)會議、東西(xi)部(bu)扶貧(pin)協(xie)(xie)作(zuo)座談會精神,做好東西(xi)部(bu)扶貧(pin)協(xie)(xie)作(zuo)和對口(kou)支援工作(zuo),現提出如下意見(jian)。

一、總體要求

(一)指導(dao)(dao)思想(xiang)。全(quan)(quan)面(mian)貫徹黨(dang)的(de)十八(ba)(ba)大和十八(ba)(ba)屆三中、四中、五中、六中全(quan)(quan)會精神,以習近平(ping)總書記(ji)扶(fu)貧(pin)開發重要戰(zhan)略思想(xiang)為指導(dao)(dao),牢固樹立新發展(zhan)理念,堅持精準扶(fu)貧(pin)、精準脫(tuo)貧(pin)基本方略,進一步強化(hua)(hua)責任(ren)落(luo)實、優化(hua)(hua)結對(dui)關系、深化(hua)(hua)結對(dui)幫扶(fu)、聚焦(jiao)脫(tuo)貧(pin)攻堅,提高東西部扶(fu)貧(pin)協作和對(dui)口支援工作水(shui)平(ping),推(tui)動西部貧(pin)困地區(qu)與(yu)全(quan)(quan)國一道邁入全(quan)(quan)面(mian)小康社會。

(二(er))主要目(mu)標(biao)。經(jing)過幫扶雙方不懈努力,推進(jin)東西(xi)部扶貧(pin)(pin)協作(zuo)(zuo)和對口(kou)支援工作(zuo)(zuo)機制(zhi)不斷健全,合作(zuo)(zuo)領域(yu)不斷拓展,綜合效(xiao)益得到(dao)充(chong)分(fen)發揮(hui),確保西(xi)部地區現行(xing)國(guo)家扶貧(pin)(pin)標(biao)準下的(de)農村(cun)貧(pin)(pin)困人(ren)口(kou)到(dao)2020年實現脫(tuo)貧(pin)(pin),貧(pin)(pin)困縣全部摘帽,解(jie)決區域(yu)性整體(ti)貧(pin)(pin)困。

(三)基本原則

——堅持黨的領導(dao),社(she)會(hui)廣(guang)泛參與。幫(bang)(bang)扶雙方(fang)黨委和(he)政府(fu)要加(jia)強對(dui)東西部扶貧協作和(he)對(dui)口支援工(gong)作的領導(dao),將工(gong)作納入(ru)重要議事日程,科學編制幫(bang)(bang)扶規劃并認真部署實施,建立(li)完善(shan)機制,廣(guang)泛動員黨政機關、企事業單(dan)位和(he)社(she)會(hui)力量參與,形成幫(bang)(bang)扶合力。

——堅持精(jing)(jing)準(zhun)聚焦,提高幫扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)實(shi)效。東西(xi)部扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)貧(pin)協作和對口支援(yuan)要聚焦脫貧(pin)攻堅,按(an)照精(jing)(jing)準(zhun)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)貧(pin)、精(jing)(jing)準(zhun)脫貧(pin)要求,把被幫扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)地區建檔立卡貧(pin)困人(ren)口穩定脫貧(pin)作為工作重點,幫扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)資金和項目(mu)瞄(miao)準(zhun)貧(pin)困村、貧(pin)困戶(hu),真正幫到點上(shang)、扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)到根(gen)上(shang)。

——堅持優(you)勢(shi)(shi)互補,鼓勵改革創新。立足幫扶(fu)雙方實(shi)際情況,因(yin)地制宜(yi)、因(yin)人施(shi)策開展扶(fu)貧(pin)協作(zuo)和對(dui)口支(zhi)援,實(shi)現(xian)幫扶(fu)雙方優(you)勢(shi)(shi)互補、長期合作(zuo)、聚焦(jiao)扶(fu)貧(pin)、實(shi)現(xian)共贏,努力探索先富幫后富、逐步實(shi)現(xian)共同富裕的新途徑新方式。

——堅持群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)主體,激發內(nei)生(sheng)動(dong)(dong)力。充分調(diao)動(dong)(dong)貧困(kun)地區干(gan)(gan)部群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)積極性創造性,不斷(duan)激發脫(tuo)貧致富(fu)的內(nei)生(sheng)動(dong)(dong)力,幫助(zhu)和帶動(dong)(dong)貧困(kun)人(ren)口(kou)苦(ku)干(gan)(gan)實干(gan)(gan),實現光(guang)榮(rong)脫(tuo)貧、勤勞致富(fu)。

二、結對關系

(四(si))調整東(dong)(dong)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)貧(pin)協(xie)(xie)作結對(dui)(dui)關系(xi)(xi)。對(dui)(dui)原(yuan)有結對(dui)(dui)關系(xi)(xi)進行適當調整,在完善省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)際結對(dui)(dui)關系(xi)(xi)的(de)(de)同時(shi),實現對(dui)(dui)民族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)和(he)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)貧(pin)困(kun)程度(du)深(shen)的(de)(de)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)全覆蓋,落實北(bei)(bei)京市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、天津市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)與(yu)河(he)(he)北(bei)(bei)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)貧(pin)協(xie)(xie)作任(ren)務。調整后的(de)(de)東(dong)(dong)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)貧(pin)協(xie)(xie)作結對(dui)(dui)關系(xi)(xi)為(wei):北(bei)(bei)京市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)內蒙(meng)古自(zi)治(zhi)區、河(he)(he)北(bei)(bei)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)張家(jia)口市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)和(he)保定(ding)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);天津市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)甘肅省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)、河(he)(he)北(bei)(bei)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)承德市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);遼寧省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)大連市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)貴(gui)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)六盤(pan)水市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);上海(hai)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)云(yun)南(nan)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)、貴(gui)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)遵義市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);江(jiang)蘇省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)陜西(xi)(xi)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)、青海(hai)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)西(xi)(xi)寧市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)和(he)海(hai)東(dong)(dong)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),蘇州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)貴(gui)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)銅仁市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);浙江(jiang)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)四(si)川(chuan)(chuan)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng),杭州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)湖北(bei)(bei)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)恩施土家(jia)族(zu)(zu)苗族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)、貴(gui)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)黔東(dong)(dong)南(nan)苗族(zu)(zu)侗族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou),寧波(bo)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)吉(ji)林省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)延邊(bian)朝鮮族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)、貴(gui)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)黔西(xi)(xi)南(nan)布依(yi)族(zu)(zu)苗族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou);福建省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)寧夏回族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)區,福州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)甘肅省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)定(ding)西(xi)(xi)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),廈門市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)甘肅省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)臨(lin)夏回族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou);山東(dong)(dong)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)重慶(qing)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),濟(ji)南(nan)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)湖南(nan)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)湘西(xi)(xi)土家(jia)族(zu)(zu)苗族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou),青島市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)貴(gui)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)安順市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、甘肅省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)隴南(nan)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);廣(guang)東(dong)(dong)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)廣(guang)西(xi)(xi)壯族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)區、四(si)川(chuan)(chuan)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)甘孜藏族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou),廣(guang)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)貴(gui)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)黔南(nan)布依(yi)族(zu)(zu)苗族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)和(he)畢節(jie)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),佛山市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)四(si)川(chuan)(chuan)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)涼山彝(yi)族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou),中山市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)和(he)東(dong)(dong)莞(guan)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)云(yun)南(nan)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)昭通(tong)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),珠海(hai)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)云(yun)南(nan)省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)怒(nu)江(jiang)傈僳族(zu)(zu)自(zi)治(zhi)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)。

各(ge)省(自(zi)治區、直(zhi)轄市)要根(gen)據實際情(qing)況(kuang),在本行(xing)政區域(yu)內組(zu)織開展結(jie)對幫扶工作。

(五)開展攜(xie)手(shou)奔(ben)小康行(xing)動。東部省份組織本行(xing)政區域(yu)內經濟較發達(da)縣(xian)(市(shi)(shi)、區)與(yu)扶(fu)貧協作省份和市(shi)(shi)州扶(fu)貧任務重、脫貧難度大(da)的(de)貧困縣(xian)開展攜(xie)手(shou)奔(ben)小康行(xing)動。探索在鄉(xiang)鎮之間、行(xing)政村(cun)之間結對(dui)幫扶(fu)。

(六)深化對(dui)(dui)口(kou)(kou)支(zhi)援(yuan)。對(dui)(dui)口(kou)(kou)支(zhi)援(yuan)西藏、新疆(jiang)和四省(sheng)藏區工作在現有機制下繼續堅持向(xiang)基(ji)層傾斜、向(xiang)民生(sheng)傾斜、向(xiang)農牧民傾斜,更加(jia)聚焦精準(zhun)(zhun)扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)、精準(zhun)(zhun)脫貧(pin)(pin),瞄準(zhun)(zhun)建檔立卡貧(pin)(pin)困人(ren)口(kou)(kou)精準(zhun)(zhun)發(fa)力(li),提高對(dui)(dui)口(kou)(kou)支(zhi)援(yuan)實效(xiao)。北京市(shi)(shi)(shi)、天津市(shi)(shi)(shi)與(yu)河北省(sheng)扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)協(xie)作工作,要與(yu)京津冀協(xie)同發(fa)展中京津兩(liang)市(shi)(shi)(shi)對(dui)(dui)口(kou)(kou)幫(bang)扶(fu)張承環(huan)京津相關地區做好銜接。

三、主要任務

(七)開展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)合作(zuo)(zuo)。幫扶雙方(fang)要把東西部產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)合作(zuo)(zuo)、優(you)勢互補作(zuo)(zuo)為深化供給(gei)側(ce)結構(gou)性(xing)(xing)改革的(de)(de)新課題,研究出(chu)臺相(xiang)關政策,大力(li)推(tui)動落實。要立足資(zi)源稟(bing)賦和產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)基(ji)礎(chu),激發(fa)(fa)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)到貧(pin)困(kun)地(di)區(qu)投資(zi)的(de)(de)積極性(xing)(xing),支持(chi)建設一批貧(pin)困(kun)人口參與度高的(de)(de)特色產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)基(ji)地(di),培育一批帶(dai)動貧(pin)困(kun)戶發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)合作(zuo)(zuo)組織和龍頭企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye),引進(jin)一批能夠提供更多就業(ye)(ye)崗位的(de)(de)勞動密集型企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)、文化旅游(you)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)等,促(cu)進(jin)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)帶(dai)動脫貧(pin)。加大產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)合作(zuo)(zuo)科技(ji)(ji)支持(chi),充分發(fa)(fa)揮科技(ji)(ji)創新在增強西部地(di)區(qu)自我發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)能力(li)中的(de)(de)重要作(zuo)(zuo)用。

(八)組(zu)織勞務協(xie)作(zuo)。幫(bang)扶雙方要建立和(he)完善勞務輸出精準(zhun)對接(jie)(jie)(jie)機(ji)制,提高(gao)勞務輸出脫貧(pin)(pin)(pin)的組(zu)織化(hua)程度。西部(bu)(bu)地(di)(di)(di)區(qu)要摸清底數,準(zhun)確掌握建檔(dang)立卡貧(pin)(pin)(pin)困人(ren)(ren)(ren)口(kou)中有就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)(ye)意愿和(he)能(neng)力的未就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)(ye)人(ren)(ren)(ren)口(kou)信(xin)息(xi),以及(ji)已(yi)在(zai)(zai)外地(di)(di)(di)就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)(ye)人(ren)(ren)(ren)員(yuan)的基本(ben)情況(kuang),因人(ren)(ren)(ren)因需提供就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)(ye)服務,與(yu)東(dong)部(bu)(bu)地(di)(di)(di)區(qu)開(kai)展有組(zu)織的勞務對接(jie)(jie)(jie)。西部(bu)(bu)地(di)(di)(di)區(qu)要做好本(ben)行(xing)政區(qu)域內勞務對接(jie)(jie)(jie)工作(zuo),依托當地(di)(di)(di)產業(ye)(ye)發展,多(duo)渠道開(kai)發就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)(ye)崗(gang)位,支(zhi)持貧(pin)(pin)(pin)困人(ren)(ren)(ren)口(kou)在(zai)(zai)家鄉(xiang)就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)地(di)(di)(di)就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)近就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)(ye)。開(kai)展職(zhi)業(ye)(ye)教(jiao)育東(dong)西協(xie)作(zuo)行(xing)動(dong)計劃和(he)技(ji)能(neng)脫貧(pin)(pin)(pin)“千校行(xing)動(dong)”,積極(ji)組(zu)織引導貧(pin)(pin)(pin)困家庭子女到東(dong)部(bu)(bu)省(sheng)份的職(zhi)業(ye)(ye)院校、技(ji)工學校接(jie)(jie)(jie)受(shou)職(zhi)業(ye)(ye)教(jiao)育和(he)職(zhi)業(ye)(ye)培訓。東(dong)部(bu)(bu)省(sheng)份要把(ba)解決(jue)西部(bu)(bu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)困人(ren)(ren)(ren)口(kou)穩(wen)定就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)(ye)作(zuo)為幫(bang)扶重(zhong)要內容,創(chuang)造就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)(ye)機(ji)會,提供用工信(xin)息(xi),動(dong)員(yuan)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)參與(yu),實現(xian)人(ren)(ren)(ren)崗(gang)對接(jie)(jie)(jie),保(bao)障穩(wen)定就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)業(ye)(ye)。對在(zai)(zai)東(dong)部(bu)(bu)地(di)(di)(di)區(qu)工作(zuo)生活的建檔(dang)立卡貧(pin)(pin)(pin)困人(ren)(ren)(ren)口(kou),符合(he)條件的優先落(luo)(luo)實落(luo)(luo)戶政策,有序實現(xian)市民(min)化(hua)。

(九(jiu))加(jia)(jia)強人才(cai)支援。幫(bang)扶雙方(fang)(fang)要選派優秀干部掛(gua)職,廣泛開展人才(cai)交流,促進(jin)觀(guan)念互(hu)(hu)通、思路(lu)互(hu)(hu)動、技(ji)術互(hu)(hu)學、作風(feng)互(hu)(hu)鑒。采取雙向掛(gua)職、兩地(di)培(pei)訓(xun)、委托培(pei)養和組團式支教(jiao)(jiao)、支醫(yi)、支農等方(fang)(fang)式,加(jia)(jia)大(da)教(jiao)(jiao)育、衛生、科技(ji)、文化(hua)、社(she)會工作等領域的(de)人才(cai)支持,把東部地(di)區的(de)先進(jin)理念、人才(cai)、技(ji)術、信息、經驗等要素傳播到(dao)西(xi)部地(di)區。加(jia)(jia)大(da)政策激勵力(li)(li)度,鼓勵各類人才(cai)扎根西(xi)部貧(pin)困地(di)區建功(gong)立業。幫(bang)扶省市(shi)選派到(dao)被幫(bang)扶地(di)區的(de)掛(gua)職干部要把主要精(jing)力(li)(li)放到(dao)脫貧(pin)攻堅上,掛(gua)職期(qi)限原則上兩到(dao)三(san)年。加(jia)(jia)大(da)對西(xi)部地(di)區干部特別是基層干部、貧(pin)困村創業致富(fu)帶頭人培(pei)訓(xun)力(li)(li)度。

(十)加大資金支(zhi)(zhi)持。東部省份要根據財(cai)力(li)增長情況,逐步增加扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)協(xie)作(zuo)和(he)對口支(zhi)(zhi)援財(cai)政(zheng)投入(ru),并列入(ru)年度預算。西部地區要以扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)規劃為引(yin)領,整合扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)協(xie)作(zuo)和(he)對口支(zhi)(zhi)援資金,聚(ju)焦脫(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)攻(gong)堅,形(xing)成脫(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)合力(li)。要切實加強資金監(jian)管,提高使用效(xiao)益(yi)。

(十一(yi))動員社(she)會(hui)參(can)與(yu)。幫(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)省市要鼓勵支(zhi)(zhi)持本行(xing)政區(qu)域內民(min)(min)營(ying)企業(ye)、社(she)會(hui)組織(zhi)、公民(min)(min)個人積(ji)(ji)極(ji)參(can)與(yu)東(dong)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)扶(fu)(fu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)協作(zuo)(zuo)和(he)(he)(he)對(dui)口支(zhi)(zhi)援。充(chong)分利用全國扶(fu)(fu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)日和(he)(he)(he)中國社(she)會(hui)扶(fu)(fu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)網等平臺,組織(zhi)社(she)會(hui)各界到(dao)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)地(di)區(qu)開展捐資助學(xue)、慈善公益醫(yi)療救(jiu)助、支(zhi)(zhi)醫(yi)支(zhi)(zhi)教、社(she)會(hui)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)和(he)(he)(he)志愿服(fu)務等扶(fu)(fu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)活(huo)動。實(shi)施(shi)社(she)會(hui)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)專業(ye)人才(cai)服(fu)務貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)困(kun)地(di)區(qu)計劃和(he)(he)(he)扶(fu)(fu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)志愿者行(xing)動計劃,支(zhi)(zhi)持東(dong)部(bu)地(di)區(qu)社(she)會(hui)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)機構、志愿服(fu)務組織(zhi)、社(she)會(hui)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)者和(he)(he)(he)志愿者結對(dui)幫(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)困(kun)地(di)區(qu),為西(xi)(xi)部(bu)地(di)區(qu)提供專業(ye)人才(cai)和(he)(he)(he)服(fu)務保(bao)障。注重(zhong)發(fa)揮軍隊和(he)(he)(he)武警部(bu)隊在西(xi)(xi)部(bu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)困(kun)地(di)區(qu)脫(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)攻(gong)堅中的優勢和(he)(he)(he)積(ji)(ji)極(ji)作(zuo)(zuo)用,因地(di)制宜做好幫(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。積(ji)(ji)極(ji)組織(zhi)民(min)(min)營(ying)企業(ye)參(can)與(yu)“萬企幫(bang)(bang)萬村”精準(zhun)扶(fu)(fu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)行(xing)動,與(yu)被幫(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)地(di)區(qu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)困(kun)村開展結對(dui)幫(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)。

四、保障措施

(十二(er))加強組(zu)織領(ling)導(dao)(dao)。國務(wu)院扶貧(pin)開發(fa)領(ling)導(dao)(dao)小(xiao)組(zu)要(yao)加強東(dong)西(xi)(xi)部扶貧(pin)協作(zuo)(zuo)的組(zu)織協調、工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)指導(dao)(dao)和(he)考核督查。東(dong)西(xi)(xi)部扶貧(pin)協作(zuo)(zuo)雙(shuang)方要(yao)建立(li)高層聯席會議制(zhi)度(du),黨委(wei)或政府主要(yao)負責同(tong)志每年開展定期互訪,確(que)定協作(zuo)(zuo)重(zhong)點(dian),研究部署和(he)協調推進扶貧(pin)協作(zuo)(zuo)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。

(十三(san))完善政(zheng)策支持(chi)。中央和(he)國(guo)家機(ji)(ji)關(guan)各部(bu)門要(yao)加大政(zheng)策支持(chi)力度。國(guo)務(wu)院扶貧(pin)(pin)辦、國(guo)家發展改(gai)革(ge)委(wei)、教(jiao)育部(bu)、民政(zheng)部(bu)、人(ren)力資源社會保(bao)障部(bu)、農(nong)業(ye)部(bu)、中國(guo)人(ren)民銀(yin)行等部(bu)門要(yao)按照職責分工,加強(qiang)(qiang)對(dui)東(dong)西部(bu)扶貧(pin)(pin)協(xie)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)和(he)對(dui)口(kou)支援工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)的指導和(he)支持(chi)。中央組織部(bu)要(yao)統(tong)籌(chou)東(dong)西部(bu)扶貧(pin)(pin)協(xie)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)和(he)對(dui)口(kou)支援掛職干(gan)部(bu)人(ren)才選派管理工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)。審(shen)計機(ji)(ji)關(guan)要(yao)依法加強(qiang)(qiang)對(dui)扶貧(pin)(pin)政(zheng)策落實情況和(he)扶貧(pin)(pin)資金的審(shen)計監督。紀(ji)(ji)檢監察機(ji)(ji)關(guan)要(yao)加強(qiang)(qiang)扶貧(pin)(pin)領域監督執紀(ji)(ji)問責。

(十四)開展考(kao)核(he)(he)評估。把(ba)東西部扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)協(xie)(xie)作(zuo)(zuo)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)納入國家(jia)脫(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)攻堅考(kao)核(he)(he)范圍,作(zuo)(zuo)為國家(jia)扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)督查(cha)(cha)巡查(cha)(cha)重(zhong)要內容(rong),突出目標(biao)導(dao)向(xiang)、結(jie)果(guo)(guo)導(dao)向(xiang),督查(cha)(cha)巡查(cha)(cha)和考(kao)核(he)(he)內容(rong)包(bao)括減貧(pin)(pin)成(cheng)效(xiao)、勞(lao)務(wu)協(xie)(xie)作(zuo)(zuo)、產業合作(zuo)(zuo)、人(ren)才支援、資金支持五個方面,重(zhong)點是(shi)解(jie)決多(duo)少建檔立卡貧(pin)(pin)困人(ren)口(kou)脫(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)。對(dui)口(kou)支援工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)要進(jin)一(yi)步加強對(dui)精準扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)成(cheng)效(xiao)的考(kao)核(he)(he)。東西部扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)協(xie)(xie)作(zuo)(zuo)考(kao)核(he)(he)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)由國務(wu)院扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)開發領導(dao)小組組織實施(shi),考(kao)核(he)(he)結(jie)果(guo)(guo)向(xiang)黨(dang)中央、國務(wu)院報告。